The Dorian Invasion 3
  • Traditionally, this "Return of the Heracleidae" takes place eighty years after the Trojan war — between 1100 and 950 bce — and is represented as the recovery by the descendants of Heracles of the rightful inheritance of their hero ancestor and his sons. Dorians
  • For ancient historians, the Return of the Heracleidae explained the spread of Doric language and culture throughout areas regarded as Achaean during the Minoan and Mycenean eras: in the historical period the whole of the Peloponnese with the exception of Arcadia, Elis, and Achaea is Doric, along with Doris in northern Greece and the islands of Crete and Rhodes.
  • The traditional date of the "Dorian Invasion" correlates with archaeological evidence of widespread burning, destruction, or abandoning of Bronze Age sites on both Crete and the mainland in Late Helladic IIIC (1200-1050 bce), and the beginning of the Dark Ages in Greece.
  • The destructions are clear, but their causes are much disputed — theories run the gamut from economic factors, to social upheaval, climatic change, or external invasion.
  • And it is generally agreed that Doric speakers did enter Greece around this time, but most likely as a migration after the Mycenaean centers were destroyed. (The late Bronze Age was a period of migration throughout the Mediterranean basin.)
left arrow
7 of *
right arrow