22. Life of Alcibiades
Summary

451

birth

447

death of his father, Clinias, killed at the Battle of Coronea in Boeotia

Alcibiades brought up by his guardian and distant relative, Pericles, who died in 430

dissolute youth

432

fought at Battle of Potidaea, where Socrates saved his life

424

fought at Battle of Delium, where he saved Socrates' life

422

death of Cleon; rise of Hyperbolus as demagogue; Alcibiades becomes leading politician advocating war in opposition to Nicias

420

steered Athens into an anti-Spartan alliance with Argos, Elis, and Mantineia

418

alliance defeated by Sparta

417

Hyperbolus attempts to ostracize Alcibiades; Alcibiades joins forces with Nicias; Hyperbolus ostracized; succeeded by Androcles as demagogue

416

entered seven chariots in Olympic Games and won first, second, and fourth places

415

appointed commander, along with Nicias and Lamachus, of Sicilian Expedition

mutilation of Herms; Alcibiades charged; Androcles ensures that fleet sails with charge unresolved

Alcibiades recalled; condemned to death in absentia; escapes and goes to Sparta

413

advised Spartans to send general to help Syracusans; also to fortify Decelea in Attica

seduced wife of Spartan king Agis II, while Agis at Decelea

412

took refuge with Tissaphernes in Sardis

411

recalled by Athenian fleet at Samos

411-408

Athenian victories in the Hellespont

407

returned to Athens; appointed commanderin-chief of all land and sea forces

led Eleusinian procession by road despite Spartan occupation of Decelea

406

voluntary exile to fortified domain at Bisanthé, in Thracian Chersonesus

405

Athenian fleet defeated at Aegospotami; fall of Athens

404

took refuge in Phrygia in northwestern Asia Minor with Persian governor Pharnabazus

murdered

2 of 9