Judicial Procedure II

On the day appointed by the magistrate for the trial, a large group of potential jurors (dikastai) appeared at a specified place in the Agora. Each eligible juror carried a bronze ticket (pinakion) with his name, his father's name, and the name of his deme inscribed upon it:

This juror's ticket belonged to DHMOFANHS, the son of FIL..., who was a Cephisian (KHFISIEUS), a member of the deme Cephisia, NE of Athens.

The juror deposited his ticket at an allotment machine (kleroterion), in the section for his tribe.

Restored Drawing of a Kleroterion

The magistrate took a group of tickets and inserted them into the slots for the appropriate tribes. Then the magistrate dropped a mixture of black and white marbles into the funnel at the top of a bronze tube running down the side of the kleroterion. When the crank was turned, if the marble was white, all ten jurors in that row were selected for service; if it was black, they were all dismissed for the day. The procedure continued until the requisite number of dikastai was reached (between 201 and 2500 for each jury).

Marble fragment of the top of a kleroterion (2nd century BCE)

Marble fragment of the bottom of a kleroterion (3rd century BCE)

Thereupon, the juror was issued a lawcourt token (symbolon) with a letter indicating the court to which he had been assigned. At the end of the day, the juror presented his symbolon to collect his payment for service.