THE AORIST TENSE
(SECOND OR STRONG AORIST)

 

FORMATION:
The second (strong) aorist is formed by:
(1) altering the verb stem (this must be learned)
(2) augmenting the second aorist verb stem (same as for the imperfect)
(3) adding secondary endings to the verb stem (same as for the imperfect).

 

SECOND AORIST ENDINGS

ACTIVE
I
-on
we
-omen
you (s)
-ej
you (pl)
-ete
he, she
-e(n)
they
-on
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MIDDLE
I
-o&mhn
we
-o/meqa
you (s)
-ou
you (pl)
-esqe
he, she
-eto
they
-onto

 

SECOND AORISTS WITH NO VOWEL

  • Some verbs form second aorists without adding the vowels o/e before the ending.
  • The main class of such verbs are the so-called -mi verbs, one of which is fhmi/ (e)/fhn).
  • But there are a few other such verbs. Here's how two of them inflect: 
gignw&skw
I
e)/gnwn
we
e)/gnwmen
you (s)
e)/gnwj
you (pl)
e)/gnwte
he, she
e)/gnw
they
e)/gnwsan
text place holder
bai/nw
I
e)/bhn
we
e)/bhmen
you (s)
e)/bhj
you (pl)
e)/bhte
he, she
e)/bh
they
e)/bhsan
  • Other verbs belonging to this group are: ktei/nw (e)/fhn), ktei/nw (e)/ktan) and fqa&nw (e)/fqhn).

 

SECOND AORIST PARTICIPLES AND INFINITIVES OF ATHEMATIC VERBS
(VERBS WITH NO
o/e VOWEL):

 
e)/gnwn
gnou&j
gnou~sa
gnou&n
gno/ntoj
gnou&shj
gno/ntoj
etc.
infinitive: gnw~naiholder

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space filler

e)/bhn
ba&j
ba~sa
ba&n
ba&ntoj
ba&shj
ba&n
etc.
infinitive:
bh~nai